Andhra pradesh is a great destination for nature lovers and wild life enthusiasts, given its bewildering flora and fauna, dence forests and mighty rivers. blessed with a 972 km coastline and four major rivers Godhavari, krishna, tungabadra and pennar. the state has many surprises for tourists. The persevering traveler could find a virgin territory that may have remained unseen or untouched for centuries. If you are informed enough, you could treasure glimses of rare animals, birds and plants. Once you step into Andhra pradesh with an adventuroun spirit , an exiting journey of discovery. exploration and recording of your life s greatest moments begins…
Andhra pradesh has four national parks and 22 wildlife sanctuaries,constituting 4.56% of the state. In all, 16 sites have been identified as important bird areas in view of their avifaunal significance. The state has a very large fresh water bodies at parkal,ramappa, pocharam, nelapadu, osman sagar and Himayat sagar. The godhavari-krishna delta is spread over an area of 585 sq km. An extensive salt-water lagoon called pulicat lies on the extreme northren coast. The naupada swamps, the coringa creek, the krishna mangroves,the Godavari mangroves and several reservoirs are other places of interest.
The forest cover of Andhra pradesh is 44,229 sq km, constituting 16.08% of the state s geographical area. The Eastern ghats run through mallur in warangal, ukkumnnidi in khammam district. maredumilli in east godhavari, lankapakala in visakhapatnam,coringa in east godhavari, peddacheruvu in kurnool, kuntalapalli in anantapur and talakona in Chittoor.
There are 17000 species of flowering plants in India. Of these 5400 are found only in india and 2000 are endemic to peninsular india. Of these, 76 extra are restricted to the Eastern Ghats. It is estimated that nearly 1,800 medicinal plants are found in Andhra pradesh.
Eturunagarm wild life sanctuary
The 803 sq km Eturunagaram wildlife sanctuary is situated about 80 kms from warangal on the banks of the godhavari river. This sanctuary has dense of forests, Which are home to the largest gaur popolation in the state. The other animals found here include tiger, panther, samber,cheetal, nilgai, black buck, chowsingha,barking deer, wild boar, wolf, jackal, fox and jungle cat. It has a wide variety of birds. The sanctuary has rich flora, dry deciduous teak forest& riverine forest with bamboo, pterocarpus,anogeissus and bhuchania being the main species. The sylvan environs of the sanctuary , with forested low hills, offer a great vacation spot. cottages maintained by the forest department at eturunagaram and nearby tadvai offer comfortable accommodation for tourists.
The best time to visit is beetwen october and may.
kinnerasani wildlife sanctuary
The 635 sq km kinnerasani wildlife sanctuary located about 21 km from from palloncha in khammam district, is blessed with lush vegetation and the picturesque kinnarasani lake. The lake and water pools harbor marsh crocodiles. The sanctuary is home to animals like tiger, panther, gaur,cheetal, chinkara, chowsingha, sambar, wild boar, wild dog, hyena, jackal, sloth bear as well as a variety of ground nesting and aquatic birds.
Birds like peafowl, jungle fowl, quails, partridges, teals, spoonbillls and doves are common in the sanctuary. The sanctuary has an interesting variety of flora, dry deciduous teak forest, with bamboo, terminalias,anogeissus and cassia being the main species. The deer park, The kinnarasani dam and reservoir are the other major attractions of the sanctuary. Lucky tourists on jeep safaris may even spot python, cobra,viper, krait and other animals in the marsh lands. The forest department has rest houses at paloncha, kothagudem.
The best to visit october and june.
Pranahitha wildlife sanctuary
The 136 sq km pranahitha wildlife sanctuary is located at chinnur, under mancherial forest division of Adilabad district. About 300 km north east of Hyderabad. This sanctuary is spread over an undulating terrain along the pranahita, a tributary of the Godavari river. The habitat found here are dry deciduous teak forests. The sanctuary is also a treasure trove of fossils. Those with an adventurous spirit can find here the famed indian crested porcupine as well as other animals like cheetal, nilgai, sloth bear, tiger, leopard, forest cat, langur, rhesus, palm civet, indian otter, wild dogs, hyena and a variety of birds, including brahminy ducks, teals, storks, herons. Some prehistoric rock formations attract experts and common people alike. Forest department rest houses are available at mancherial and chinnur.
The best season to visit in November-April
Rajiv Gandhi wildlife sanctuary
Rajiv Gandhi wildlife sanctuary, formerly known as the Nagarjunasagar-srisailam tiger Reserve, Spreads over five districts. nalgonda-mahabubnagar, kurnool, prakasam and guntur. The krishna river flows over a distance of 130 km through the reserve.
The srisailam and nagarjunasagar reservoirs are located within the tiger reserve. About 242 species of birds have been recorded from this site. Located 130 km from Hyderabad, it is one of the largest tiger reserves in India. The reserve also has leopards, wild dog, wolf, fox,ratel, India gaint squirrel, jakal, wolf, sambar, chital, chowsingha, nilgai,tree shrew,sloth bear and wild boar. Black buck is present outside the reserve in open areas. The mouse deer is also found.
For avid bird watchers, The manjira sanctuary, located 50 km northwest of Hyderabad, is the best place to enjoy the company of feathered friends. This river habitat supports marsh crocodiles as well as well as some rare species of aquatic birds. The manjira wildlife sanctuary in medak district is recognized as an important wetland sanctuary for migratory birds. The reservoir which provides drinking water to Hyderabad and secundrabad, has several islands with extensive marshy fringers, provding good nesting sites for waterbirds. Around 73 species of birds have been found at thie site, Whih attracts 30,000 birds during winter.
The best time to visit is beetwen october and june:-
Pocharam wildlife sanctuary
The pocharam wildlife sanctuary is located about 120 km from Hyderabad. It is a mixed dry deciduous forest with patches of scrub and grassy banks. The terrain is undulating, with low hills and small water bodies. Adjacent to the sanctuary is the pocharam reservoir on the manjira river, about 70 km dowestream form the manjira wildlife sanctuary. More than 70 bird species are reported to be present in pocharam. The lake is known to support a variety of both resident and migratory waterfowl. Large numbers of shorebirds are also present.
The best season to visit november-january
Kasu Brahmananda reddy national park
The kasu brahmanand Reddy national park is in the heart of Hyderabad. The sprawling 142.50 hectare area offers you glimpses of jackals, mongooses and wildboars as well as over 100 species of birds, 20 species of reptiles and 15 species of butterflies. Besides, There are many species of trees, plants and fllowers that are endemic to the region.