West Bengal is a state in the eastern region of India and is the nation’s fourth-most populous, with over 91 million inhabitants. Spread over 34,267 sq mi (88,750 km), it is bordered by the countries of Bangladesh, Nepal and Bhutan, and the Indian states of Odisha, Jharkhand, Bihar, Sikkim and Assam. The state capital is Kolkata. Together with the neighboring nation of Bangladesh and parts of the state of Tripura, it makes up the ethno-linguistic region of Bengal.
Ancient Bengal was the site of several major Vedic kingdoms. It was part of large Indian empires such as the Mayura empire (second century BC) and Gupta Empire (fourth century AD); and part of the regional Pala Emprire (eighth to 11th century) and Sena dynasty (11th–12th century).
During the British colonial era from 1700–1912, Kolkata (then known as Calcutta) enjoyed the privilege of being the capital of British India and witnessed a spate of frenzied construction of buildings, largely influenced by the conscious intermingling of Neo-Gothic, Baroque, Neo-Classical, Oriental and Islamic schools of design. Unlike many north Indian cities, whose construction stresses minimalism, the layout of much of the architectural variety in Kolkata owes its origins to European styles and tastes imported by the British and, to a much lesser extent, by the Portuguese and French.
Kolkata – now the state capital, is considered to be an ideal hub to cover all the destinations in West Bengal. The following is a list of some of the attractions of West Bengal:
West Bengal, the most Culturally and Ethnically diverse, the first Capital in the State of India, the land of the erstwhile Zamindars & Nawabs! The region with the most listed and recorded Heritage buildings but still creating space for Modern architecture wonders.
Birthplace of Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore. Home and resting place of Nobel laureate Mother Teresa. Nobel laureate Amartya Sen. Oscar recipient Satyajit Ray. Karmabhumi of Swami Vivekananda and Shree Ramakrishna Paramhansa.
Region of the holy river Ganges and the mighty snow capped mountain Kanchendzonga. The Royal Bengal Tiger in the world’s largest Mangrove forest. The revered temples of Goddess Kali, majestic Victoria Memorial, the towering Howrah Bridge, India’s first underground Metro Rail. The Mecca of Cricket – the Eden Gardens is in Kolkata.
World’s highest operational Railway Station and longest recorded Railway Platform. India’s only operational cablecar Tramways and hand pulled Rickshaws. Five days of continuous religious festival in Durga Puja, Deepawali, Christmas Eve, New Year and Eid are celebrated with equal zeal.