Sivagangai is the district head quarters of Sivagangai District. It is situated 45 kms south East of Madurai and 17 kms north of Manamadurai. It is connected by road and rail with all-important towns in the state. The founder of Sivagangai was Sasivarnana Periya Udaya Thevar and he was the first king of Sivagangai dynasty. The palace of the ex rulers of Sivagangai can be seen here ie. the Sree Viswanatha and Sree Subramaniya temples. There is a big Teppakkulam or Tank in front of the palace, which adds to the splendour of the town.